The Hip-joint is the body’s largest joint. The head of femur (ball) of hip joint moves within cup shaped socket (acetabulum), they together make the hip joint also called as ball-and-socket joint. The femoral head and acetabulum are covered by cartilage, which helps in smooth and effortless movement of hip joint.
Symptoms for Hip Replacement surgery:
- If a person suffers from severe hip-joint pain.
- When medicines and other treatment are no longer effective relieving pain.
- If a person has a fracture on hip-joint.
- Osteoarthritis is the degenerative disorder in which rate of cartilage generation is less than that of breakdown.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammation of joints tissue can cause destruction of cartilage.
- Post traumatic arthritis is due to injury to joint cartilage or through damage to the ligaments.
- Impairment of daily function like walking, bending and rise from seated position.
- Inadequate supply of blood to ball portion of hip-joint.
Hip Replacement can be done in two ways:
- Total Hip Replacement: Acetabulum and femoral head both are replaced.
- Partial (half) Hip Replacement: if the damaged part is restricted to one part only.
Conditions for Hip Replacement:
Total hip replacement (THR) is recommended to that person who has severe arthritis in hip joint, bone fractures, stiffness in hip that restrict the bending and lifting the leg, continuous pain in hip joint either in day or night while resting. Age is no barrier for hip replacement.
Total Hip Replacement
It is a surgical procedure in which the natural hip joint in replaced with a prosthetic implant. It is a joint replacement orthopedic surgery which is generally performed to give relieve from arthritis pain or hip fracture and increase mobility.
Procedure of Hip Replacement:
- Step1 – Anesthesia: General anesthesia although sometimes either spinal or an epidural anesthesia and a nerve block has been given to patient.
- Step 2 – An incision of 6-8 inch is made over the side of hip to expose the hip joint. The damaged part of ball-socket is removed and cartilage on the surface of femoral head and acetabulum.
- Step 3 –The metal or ceramic ball is implanted at the upper part of femoral head (or stem) and stem inserted into the thighbone. The metal socket is implanted at the cup shaped socket of pelvis bone with the help of screws or cement to hold the socket.
- Step 4 – The plastic, metal or ceramic spacer is implanted between the metal ball and socket to allow for a smooth surface.
- Step 5 – The wound is closed with stitches and covered with dressing.
The whole procedure estimates of about 1- 2 hours.
Benefits of Hip Replacement:
- Relief from pain
- Improved quality of life
- Increased mobility
- Improvement in daily activities
- Patient will work with physiotherapist after surgery.
- Patient will start walking using crutches and walker.
- Patient should start a balanced diet and drink plenty of fluids.
To know more about our Total Hip Replacement treatment packages, call us at +91-9810085065 or mail us at email@example.com. We will be happy to provide any medical assistance.