Shoulder replacement is a surgical procedure in which glen-humeral joint is replaced by an artificial joint
Shoulder consists of 3 bones: Upper arm bone (humerus), Shoulder blade (scapula) and Collar Bone (clavicle). It is a ball-and-socket joint also known as glenoid. The head of humerus fits into a shallow socket in the shoulder blade. This joint allows the movement of the arm in different direction.
Causes of Shoulder Replacement
- Osteoarthritis is the degenerative disorder in which rate of cartilage generation is less than that of breakdown.
- Severe fractures of the shoulder.
- Avascular necrosis results due to insufficient supply of blood to bones and inner regions of the joint.
- Post traumatic arthritis is due to injury to joint cartilage or through damage to the ligaments.
- Destruction of the joint cartilage.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammation of joints tissue which can cause destruction of cartilage.
- Poor result from previous surgery.
- Tumor around the shoulder.
Types of Shoulder Surgery:
- Shoulder resurfacing arthroplasty: Only damaged part is replaced.
- Partial shoulder surgery: one part of the joint is replaced.
- Total shoulder surgery: Both parts of the joint is replaced.
- Reverse Shoulder Surgery: Combination of rotator cuff tear and shoulder arthritis.
Different types of shoulder surgery
- Minimally Invasive Surgery
- Mini-Open Surgery
- Open Surgery
- Don’t use the arm to push yourself up in bed or from a chair.
- Patient will work with physiotherapist after 48 hours of surgery.
- Don’t lift the heavy weight.
- Do shoulder exercise at home.
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