Kidneys are two bean shaped organs which primarily filter waste from the blood before converting them to urine. They maintain the salt level in the body and regulate the blood pressure. Kidney failure is a condition in which the kidney/s loses their filtering ability and waste starts accumulating in our body. When this rises to dangerous levels it is called Kidney failure or End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).
Reasons/Symptoms of ESRD or CRD (Chronic Renal Disease)
Common conditions leading to ESRD may be one or more of the following
- Malignant Hypertension
- Chronic Infections
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Genetic causes – polycystic Kidney disease
- Autoimmune conditions such as Lupus
- Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
Kidney Transplant also called Renal Transplant is a surgical process in which a functioning and healthy kidney called the donor kidney is grafted to the recipient whose both kidneys have stopped functioning normally. Generally the existing kidney is not removed until there is severe kidney infection. After surgery both the recipient and donor can lead a normal life.
IMPORTANT: Patients having a history of Hepatitis, Cancer, Heart Disease, Lung Disease, and Tuberculosis are unsuitable for both – donor as well as recipient.
Types of Donors
- Living Donor – Kidney donation is possible from a blood relative (parents, siblings, and children), friend or spouse, to ensure less possible risk. Donor health must be stable enough to undergo transplantation with excellent chances of success.
- Deceased/Cadaveric Donor- the donor has recently died.
The Donor needs to undergo some tests to make sure that the tissue type and the blood type is matched with the recipient. This reduces the chances of rejection of the organ by the body.
The Donor and Recipient both need to undergo thorough evaluation and investigations conducted by a team of highly qualified and experienced doctors. The Donor needs special attention to ensure he/she is perfectly healthy at the time of donation and continues with normal life after donation too. The recipient needs to be brought to an optimal state to withstand such a major surgery.
After surgery the patient needs to be kept in a special post transplant unit with specialized nursing care to ensure no infection takes place. Anti rejection injections may be given to ensure the body accepts the new organ and minimize risk of failure.
To know more about our Kidney Transplant packages, call us at +91-9810085065 or mail us at email@example.com. We will be happy to provide any medical assistance.