Cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the gallbladder. It is performed when the gallbladder requires to be removed due to inflammation (cholecystitis), stones (cholelithiasis), or both. This procedure is mostly done Laproscopically and 3-4 multiple small incisions are made instead of one large incision.
What is gallbladder?
Gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that rests beneath the right side of the liver. It collects and stores bile — a digestive fluid produced by the liver.
- Gallstones in the gallbladder (cholelithiasis)
- Gallstones in the bile duct (choledocholithiasis)
- Gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis)
- Pancreas inflammation (pancreatitis)
Types of Cholecystectomy Surgery
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: During the surgery 3-4 small incisions are made in the abdomen. A laparoscope with a camera is inserted into the abdomen through one of the incisions. Surgical tools are inserted through the other incision and gallbladder is removed.
Open Cholecystectomy: During an open cholecystectomy a large incision is made in the abdomen below the ribs on the right side. The muscle and tissue are pulled back to reveal the liver and gallbladder and the gallbladder is removed through it.
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is preferred and better than open Cholecystectomy as the incisions are smaller; healing is faster and hence less painful too. The stay is hospital is much shorter too.
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